A history of computers

 500BC-1900 : 1940-50 : 1960 : 1970-5 : 1975-9 : 1980-5 : 1985-9 : 1990-5 : 1995-9 : 2000: 2003

The birth of computers "life Jim but not as we know it!"

500 BC Babylonians develop the first known Abacus.

Egyptians and Romans invent clocks and numbers

1st Century BC The Antikythera mechanism

200 AD  Binary numbers to classify musical meters.

1500 Leonardo Da Vinci

1614 John Napier and Logarithms

1623 Calculators invented

1644 The Pascaline

1679 Leibnitz Calculator

1801 The first punch card.

1830 Babbage's Difference Engine.

1834 The Analytical Engine

1834 Augusta Lovelace the first programmer

1837 The telegraph and paper storage

1844 Morse telegraph

1855 George Schuetz

1854 George Boole Investigates the laws of thought.

1856 First Transatlantic cable.

1868 The first QWERTY keyboard used.

1869 Jeavons logical machine the "logic piano"

1873 The first Electric motor.

1874 The first typewriter.

The Typewriter special
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1876 Graham Bell and the telephone

1881 A smaller logic machine perfected.

1883 Edison invents the light bulb

1888  Friedrich Reiniitzer discovers liquid crystal.

1892 Burroughs calculating machines

1895 Marconi first transmission

 

The second wave "Climb every mountain!"
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1902  The first tele-printers

1906  The vacuum Tube

1918 Enigma coding for Germany.

1920 John Logie Baird in England and Clarence Hansell in the US patent the idea of using ARRAYS of hollow pipes or transparent rods to transmit images - basic fibre optics.

1926 Transistors Pt1

The Transistor special
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1931 Electric Logic developed

1937 Atanasoff's first electric computer and the start of ABC computers.

1937 The first Binary Digital computer, Konrad Zuse's Z1

1937 Alan Turing Software Theory.

1940 Claude Shannon, Boolean Logic.

1940 George Stibitz connects two computers via a telephone. This generated ideas for the first Modem.

1941 Tom Flowers

1943 Colossus de-coding German secret messages.

1945 ENIAC goes into operation.

1946 Plankalkül (first programming language)

1948 Cybernetics developed at MIT.

1948 Transistor pt2

The Programming special
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1949  EDSAC computer uses magnetic tape.

1949 Joseph Lyons invent LEO

1950 First bipolar junction transistor

1950 The first Digital Modem.

1951 LEO is operational

1956 The 30 RAMAC is launched.

1959 Integrated Circuit provided breakthrough.

 

The sixties and seventies "you don't know what you got, 'till its gone"
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1960 Theodore H Nelson and Hypertext.

1960 Open source software

1961 The first electronic spreadsheet

1962 The first commercial 300Bd modem

Maurice Wilkes special
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1963 The first mouse is used.

1964 Basic the programmers language

1965 Moore's law about microchip capacity..

1969 Arpanet starts the Internet .

1971 The first Micro processor, The Intel 4004.

1971 Wireless LAN operational

1971 The first E-Mail is sent.

1972 Pong games consoles introduced.

1972  Xerox begins development of a GUI (Graphics User Interface) based system.

1972 Bell Laboratories develops the popular C programming language.

1972 Ethernet developed.

The E-Mail special
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1973  The Home Brew club is formed.

1973 Gary Kildall invents CP/M.

1974 The first commercial Arpenet

1975 MITS Altair

1975 Imsai 8080

1975  Bill Gates and Paul Allen write the first BASIC implementation for the MITS ALTAIR.

1975 Microsoft founded by Gates and Allen.

1976 Apple Computers launch Apple 1.

1976 5.35 inch floppy disk drives.

1977 Xerox introduces the 9700 laser.

1977 Computerland launched

1977 Apple II launched

1977 Z80-A launched

The History of Spreadsheets
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1977 Commodore Pet launched

1977 MITS Altair sold

1977 ADM-3 Terminal

1978 VisiCalc starts the spreadsheet boom

1978 the first spam message

1979 Ashton Tate released Dbase.

1979 Apple Computer releases DOS 3.2.

 

The eighties "you say you want a revolution!"

1980 The first 3.5 inch floppy drive.

1980 SuperCalc, the  spreadsheet for CPM.

1980 Sinclair Sinclair invented the ZX80.

1980 Apple III launched.

1981 IBM PC launched.

1981 Development begins on MS-DOS.

The DOS special
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1981 The Xerox 810 Star, the first WIMP.

1981 ctrl+alt+del is born

1982 Commodore 64 home computer.

1982 Internet Traffic Protocol TCP/IP.

1982 Hercules Graphics

1982 Lotus 1-2-3.

1983  Apple Lisa.

1983 Arpanet switches to TCP/IP..

1983  The first LCD computer display.

The Fonts special
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1984 9600 modem

1984 Post Script printing by Adobe.

1984 Voyetra released Sequencer Plus..

1984 Psion launches 1st personal organiser.

1984 HP pioneers inkjet technology.

The Windows special
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1984 IBM 286 AT computer with PS/2

1984 Amstrad's first home computer PCW

1984 Apple Mac launched

1984 Microsoft Excel

1985 Windows 1 released.

1985 The first Virus appears.

1985  JC-1401P3A monitor introduces the CRT.

1985 Aldus Pagemaker is the first widely used desktop publishing program.

1985 CD-ROM invented by Phillips.

1985 The Tandy TRS-80 introduced

1986 Amiga launch the 1000 computer

The Internet special
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1986 SCSI interface standard adopted.

1986 The Atari ST

1986  Amstrad launch the PC1512.

1986 SQL (Standard Query Language)

1986 US Robotics HST Modem

1986 JPEG

1987 Windows 2

1987 Adlib's sound card released.

1987 VGA brings 256 colours at  640x480

1987 Apple develops True Type font.

1987 Amiga 2000

1988 Internet Worm

Tim Berners-Lee special
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1989 Tim Berners-Lee & the world wide web.

1989 internet porn. Was it the start of E-Commerce?

1989 Kurt Arkley started work on graphics interface Open GL.

1989 Microsoft  Word for Windows 1.

1989 Lotus begins work on Notes

1989 Wireless communications


The nineties "aint no stopping us now!"
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1990 WordPerfect 5.1 launched.

1990 IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics)

1990 Adobe launches Photoshop.

1990 Windows 3, a workable GUI.

Windows NT special
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1991 V32 Bis Modems

1991 Linux is born

1991 Sound Blaster Pro "ups" the audio stakes.

1991 SonicWall personal Firewall technology.

1991 MPEG makes JPEGS  move.

1991 Adobe PDF.

1991 IBM OS/2

1991 Windows NT a proper GUI multi-tasker.

1991 Microsoft Visual Basic makes its debut.

1991 The first version of HTML.

1992 Wolfenstein takes gamers by storm.

1992 Palm starts improving hand held  computers.

1992 VESA Bus

1993  INTEL Pentium released.

1993 DOOM released.
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1993 The I386 processor and I387 maths co-processor launched.

1993 Mosaic builds its first graphical Internet browser.

1993 Windows NT 3.1 launched

1993 PCI Local Bus

1994 SMS brings text to the.

1994 Mosaic releases NETSCAPE.

1994 NetWare Directory Services.

1994 Galaxy is the Internet's first searchable directory.

1995 Microsoft plug and play into Win95.

1995 Citrix stakes out the ASP model.

1995 Sun launches JAVA.

1995 E-Commerce and Amazon.

1995 Microsoft DirectX.

1995 Exchange Server 3.51 released.

1996 Macromedia introduces Flash.

1996 Office for windows 95

1996 USB (Universal Serial Bus). i

1996 NT 4.0 released

1996 Windows CE V1.0 launched

1996 DVD (Digital Video Disk).

1997 Voodoo launches 3D graphics.

1997 IEEE standard
 

1998 Recordable and re-writable CD 's.

1999 Gigabit Ethernet.

1999 AMD puts Athlon on Motherboards.

1999 Nvidia launches GeForce.

1999 MP3 music files.

1999 Peer to Peer (P2P) from NAPSTER.

2000 Compaq iPAQ.

2000 Windows 2000

2000 Windows ME

2000 Bill Gates relinquishes CEO

2000 Microsoft launches the XBox

2000 The millennium BUG

 

The future "Helter skelter"
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2001 Convergence of Phones and PDA's.

2001 Computer Generated Graphics create human forms indistinguishable from reality.

2001 Windows XP

2001 USB2

2002 XP SR1

2002 Lindows

2002 Lindows signs with Microtel

2003 Microsoft Office 2003

2003 Blaster worm

2003 Multithreading

2003 Intel Canterwood motherboard

2003 Intel Prescott

2003 WI-FI communications

2004 Longhorn


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A potted history of computers to give an easy reference point on the history of computers.